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Переведите следующие предложения. Найдите в них объектный и субъектный инфинитивные обороты.


Задание № 2

Выполните письменно упражнения № 1-19:

Лексико-грамматические задания

Прежде чем выполнять упражнения, внимательно прочтите правила, помещенные в разделе «Грамматический справочник»:

1. Видовременные формы английского глагола в страдательном залоге

2. Причастие, формы и функции причастия, причастные обороты.

3. Инфинитив. Инфинитивные обороты.

4. Герундий, функции герундия в предложении, герундиальные обороты.

5. Условные предложения. Сослагательное наклонение.

Видовременные формы английского глагола в страдательном залоге.

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

1. Bread (to eat) every day. 2. The letter (to receive) yesterday. 3. Nick (to send) to Moscow next week. 4. I (to ask) at the lesson yesterday. 5. I (to give) a very interesting book at the library last Friday. 6. Many houses (to build) in our town every year. 7. This work (to do) tomorrow. 8. This text (to translate) at the last lesson. 9. These trees (to plant) last autumn. 10. Many interesting games always (to play) at our PT lessons. 11. We (to invite) to a concert last Saturday. 12. My question (to answer) yesterday. 13. Hockey (to play) in winter. 14. Mushrooms (to gather) in autumn. 15. Many houses (to burn) during the Great Fire of London. 16. His new book (to finish) next year. 17. St. Petersburg (to found) in 1703. 18. These houses (to build) of stone, brick and wood. 19. The engineer (to ask) to test the device yesterday.


Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Active или Passive Voice.

1. He (to see) by nobody yesterday. 2. They (to build) a huge plant in this town recently. 3. He (to give) me this book next week. 4. The answer to this question can (to find) in the encyclopedia. 5. We (to show) the historical monuments of the capital to the delegation. 6. You can (to find) interesting information about the life in Belarus in this book. 7. Budapest (to divide) by the Danube into two parts: Buda and Pest. 8. Yuri Dolgoruki (to found) Moscow in 1147. 9. Moscow University (to found) by Lomonosov. 10. They (to break) the window last week. 11. Some construction work (to do) in Park Avenue now. 12. The pavement (to widen) recently. 13. Street lights (to replace) a year ago. 14. The talks still (to hold). 15. Huge blocks of flats (to build) all last year. 15. “Rules (to make) to be broken," he said defiantly.


Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

Model: The doctor recommended me a month's rest from studying.

I was recommended a month’s rest from studying (by the doctor).


1. A marble pavilion protects the house. 2. The boys will paint the roof of the house. 3. Tom gave Nick a book for his birthday. 4. Our mother tells us stories every evening. 5. Lydia will show you a new book of pictures. 6. A boy showed her the way. 7. They are building a bridge over the river. 8. We followed them. 9. The waves carried the boat away. 10. We shall do the translation in the evening. 11. They are building a new concert-hall in our street. 12. You promised me these books long ago. 13. The students greeted the famous lecturer warmly. 14. The explorers gave the newspaper reporters a long interview. 15. At twelve o'clock the workers were loading the trucks. 16. By three o'clock the workers had loaded the trucks. 17. They will show Helen the nearest way to the theatre.


4. Задайте вопросы:

1. - where the meeting is being held;

2. - what problem was discussed;

3. - why he has been asked about it;

4. - if the documents had been signed before the delegation arrived;

5. - when the car will be fixed;

6. - how many copies have been received.

Причастие, формы и функции причастия, причастные обороты.

Раскройте скобки, употребляя причастие в нужной форме.

1. Scientists are experimenting with a system (to allow) drivers to see better after dark.

2. The investigation (to carry out) by the students now is very interesting.

3. New technologies reduce the number of workers (to need).

4. The project (to discuss) by the engineers at the moment has numerous advantages.

5. The professor (to deliver) a lecture on the use of new engines provided working models.

6. (to wait) in the hall, he thought over the problem he was planning to discuss with our lecturer.


Исправьте ошибки.

1. We saw Nick being repaired an engine in the lab.

2. Vehicles driving automatically will appear on the market soon.

3. A new method of investigation using gave unique results.

4. The Sun radiated a tremendous amount of energy provides us with everything.

5. Nuclear power using extensively today seem to be dangerous.

6. Serious faults finding in the project had to be corrected quickly.


Переведите предложения на английский язык.

1. Являясь хорошим проводником электричества, медь широко используется в промышленности.

2. Приборы, установленные в лаборатории, будут использоваться студентами во время практики.

3. Отвечая на вопросы преподавателя, он сделал несколько ошибок.

4. Студенты, наблюдавшие за работой двигателя, сейчас находятся в мастерской.

5. Метод получения железа из руды, разработанный этим ученым, очень эффективен.

6. Человечество, потребляющее огромное количество энергии, скоро столкнется с энергетическим кризисом.

Переведите предложения на русский язык.

Модель:While reading this text he found many interesting facts.

Reading – Participle I в функции обстоятельства

Читая этот текст, он обнаружил много интересных фактов.

1. When answering questions he made mistakes.

2. Part-time students study attending lectures and seminars after their working day.

3. The device tested in our laboratory showed good performance.

4. Using new methods of research we’ll increase the accuracy of our work.

5. Unless provided with all the necessary instruments they will not be able to get good results.

9. Выберите правильный вариант ответа.

1. The engineers tackling/tackled/being tackled the energy problem did not reach a compromise.

2. The equipment delivering/delivered/being delivered yesterday has just been installed.

3. The coils connecting/connected/being connected to each other will be attached to a battery through an on-off switch.

4. Tests of the properties of the electromagnetic circuit carrying/carried/being carried out by this team have shown good results.

5. The high voltage circuit checking/checked/being checked now will be used soon.

6. Many people are against power plants burning/burnt/being burnt waste.


Инфинитив. Инфинитивные обороты.

Переведите следующие предложения. Подчеркните в них инфинитив.

1. It has been decided to build a road around the village.

2. They want the new device to be produced by February.

3. The purpose of this book is to describe certain properties of metals.

4. To work in building construction was the dream of his life.

5. The experiment to be carried out is of great importance for our research.

6. To solve this problem we had to involve experts.

7. The engineer allowed the technology to be used.

8. He heard the engine start after a loud click.

9. Concrete is strong in its resistance to loads trying to crush it.

10. They made construction workers wear the personal protective equipment.

Переведите следующие предложения. Найдите в них объектный и субъектный инфинитивные обороты.

1. Concrete is usually considered not to shrink due to hydration.

2. Lasers are known to have found application in medicine.

3. I saw bricklayers constructing brickwork and plumbers installing drainage system.

4. He found the carburetor to be blocked.

5. We know the frame to be the structural center of any car.

6. The architect wanted the work to be planned at every stage.

7. Many reliable methods of strong information seemed to be designed.

8. The students watched the experienced engineer demonstrate the advantages of silica concrete.

9. The final strength of the cement paste is likely to be reached in three weeks.

10. This type of concrete is known to have reinforcement in the form of wires.

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