The girl has put all the books into the bookcase. – All the books were put into the bookcase (by girl).
1.She always invites me to her dinner parties.2. We discussed the matter some days ago. 3. Someone wants you on the phone. 4. She found my book on the window-sill. 5. She has given me an English book. 6. I have invited some friends to tea. 7. They have told us a lot оf interesting things. 8. The students have written the test-paper without mistakes. 9. The children have scattered about a lot of things. 10. Snow will cover the fields in winter.
Exercise 18.Open the brackets using correct form of the verb.
1. The porter will (bring, be brought) your luggage to your room. 2. Your luggage will (bring, be brought) up in the lift. 3. You may (leave, be left) your hat and coat in the cloak-room downstairs. 4. They can (leave, be left) the key with the clerk downstairs. 5. From the station they will (take, be taken) straight to the hotel. 6. Tomorrow he will (take, be taken) them to the Russian Museum. 7.At the station they will (meet, be met) by a man from the travel bureau.
8. She will (meet, be met) them in the hall upstairs.
Exercise 19.Complete the sentences using Passive Voice.
1. Everybody laughed at this funny animal. 2. We have been looking for you the whole morning. 3. We shall insist on strict discipline. 4. They teach three foreign languages at this school. 5. They have built excellent shelters for tourists in these mountains. 6. Have you given the exercises to all the students? 7. The boy was angry because his mother did not allow him to go to the stadium. 8. Why have you put my books on this table? 9. Has the secretary typed the letters? — No, she is typing them now. 10. They examined the paper attentively.
Exercise 20.Change the active sentences to passive. Include the “by phrase” only if necessary.
1. Someone cut down the tree last week. 2. Sally made that pie. 3. Three continents surround the Miditerranean Sea. 4. Someone interrupted me in the middle of my story. 5. People didn`t build Rome in a day. 6. Where do they file that information. 7. People broadcast the news all over the world. 8. They will not provide pencils at the test. 9. Edgar Degas attend an auction where someone sell one of his paintings for $ 100 000. 10. The artist ask what he felt. “I feel as a horse must feel,” he replied, “when the beautiful cup give to the jockey”.
Exercise 21.Write a short plan of the text and retell the text.
Exercise 1.Write your association to the word “London”:
Exercise 2.Learn the following active vocabulary:
century - ғасыр
district - облыс,аудан
to divide - бөліну
palace - сарай
royal - корольдық
to concentrate - жию,топтау
fortress - бекініс
masterpiece - шедевр(үлгі шығарма)
cathedral - собор
memory - жат,ес
wealth - байлық
luxury - сән,молшылық
priceless - қүнсыз
inhabitant - тұрушы,тұрғын
hereditary - мұрагерлік
different( various ) – әр-түрлі
includе – сонымен қатар
coronation – тәжі тағу рәсімі
prison - түрме
victory – жеңіс
battle – шайқас
ancient – ежелгі
оld residents – ескі өкілдер
to be proud-мақтан ету
Exercise3.Mind the pronunciation of the geographical names:
London Trafalgar Square
Great Britain Admiral Nelson
Europe National Gallery
Thames National Portrait Gallery
City William the Conqueror
BuckinghamPalace T. Hardy
West End the House of Parliament
East End. the Bank of England
the Stock Exchange the Old Bailey
St. Paul’s Cathedral Tower of London
Christopher Wren Julius Caesa
The Clock Tower Big Ben
Westminster Abbey G.Chaucer
Ch. Dickens R. Kipling
Exercise 4.Read and translate the text.
London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and commercial centre. It is one of the largest cities in the world (together with Tokyo and New York) and the largest city in Europe. Its population is about 8 million.
London is situated on the river Thames. The city is very old. It has more than a 20century-old history. Traditionally it is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. They are very different from each other.
The City is the oldest part of, its financial and business centre. Numerous banks, offices and firms are concentrated here, including the Bank of England, the Stock Exchange and the Old Bailey. Few people live in the City but over a million come to work here. Two masterpieces are situated within the City: St. Paul’s Cathedral, the greatest of British churches and the Tower of London. St. Paul’s Cathedral was built in the 17th century by Christopher Wren. The Tower of London was founded by Julius Caesar and in 1066 rebuilt by William the Conqueror. It was used as a fortress, a royal palace and a prison. Now it’s a museum.
Westminsteris the aristocratic official part of London. It includes BuckinghamPalace where the Queen lives and the House of Parliament, the seat of the British Parliament .The Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is a famous for its big hour bell, known as “Big Ben”.
Westminster Abbey is the place where coronation of nearly all kings and queens has taken place. Many of them are buried here as well as some other famous people of the country (G. Chaucer, Tennyson, Newton Ch. Dickens, T. Hardy, R. Kipling, etc.).
The West End is the richest and the most beautiful part of London. It is a symbol of wealth and luxury. The best hotels, restaurants, shops, clubs, parks and houses are situated there. English aristocracy lives in this region. One of the busiest streets in the West End is Oxford Street. There are many various shops here which attract customers from different countries of the world.
Trafalgar Square is the geographical centre of London. It was named in the memory of Admiral Nelson’s victory at the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The tall Nelson’s Column stands in the middle of the square.
Opposite the Nelson monument is the National Gallery and the National Portrait Gallery. They contain the finest art collections in the world. Not far from the National Gallery is the BritishMuseum famous for its rich library (about 7 000 000 books), a priceless collection of ancient manuscripts, coins, sculptures.
The East Endis an industrial district of London. There are many factories and the Port of London there. The region is densely populated by working class families, those people who have built the palaces of the West End. Old residents of the East End are proud to be called cockneys which mean true Londoners, hereditary inhabitants of the area. They love the district very much.
Exercise 5.Find the synonyms to the words:
Exercise 6.After reading the text, fulfill the table:
| I know
|| I’d like to know
|| I have known
Exercise 7.Match the words:
Exercise 8. Answer the following questions:
1. What is the largest city in Europe after Tokyo and New York?
2. What is the population of London?
3. What river is London situated on ?
4. What parts is London divided into?
5. What is the oldest, financial and business part of London?
6. In what part of the town are banks, offices and firms located?
7. In what part of the town do people work, but don’t live?
8. What two masterpieces are situated within the City?
9. When was St. Paul’s Cathedral built?
10. What was used as a fortress, a royal palace and a prison?
11. What is the aristocratic official part of London?
12. What does Westminster include?
13. In what part of the town is Big Ben?
14. Where are the most famous people buried?
15. What is the richest and the most beautiful part of London?
16. In what region does English aristocracy live?
17. Where is Oxford Street?
18. What is the geographical centre of London?
19. Who is Admiral Nelson?
20. What is there opposite the Nelson‘s monument?
21. What is the British Museum famous for?
22. What is an industrial district of London?
23. What people do live in East End?
24. What does ‘cockneys’ mean?
Exercise 9.Define the meaning of the word-combinations below:
- a 20 century old history
- to be concentrated in the centre
- an aristocratic official part
- as well as some other famous people
- a symbol of wealth and luxury
- attract customers from different countries
- those people who have built the palaces of the West End
- are proud to be called cockneys
Exercise 10.Complete the sentences with the correct form of the First Conditional.
(hear/phone) If I … any news, I … … you
– If I hear any news, I’ll phone you.
1. (have/feel) If she ……..a holiday she ……..….better.
2. (they come/rain?)………..……..if it ……………..?
3. (help/pay) He ………………us if we ………….him.
4. (not help/not pay) He ………….us if …..we …….him.
5. (ask/you go out?) If he ……….you ………..with him?
6. (not tell/they be?) If we …..…….them …………angry?
7. (you do/fail?) What ………..…if you ……….the exаm?
8. (miss/get) If they …………the bus they ………….a taxi.
9. (you go/ask?) …………..to his party if he …….……you.
10.(find/ try) If I ………. time, I … …….… help you.
Exercise 11.Put the verbs in the correct tense.
If I … (find)time, I … … (try ) to help you.